How to choose an orthopedic knee brace
When selecting a knee brace, we must ask ourselves a series of questions that are key to being able to choose the most suitable knee brace for my injury. We must know that depending on the answers, together with the expert opinion of a doctor or physiotherapist, you will know which knee brace you should buy.
Why do I need a knee brace?
In the market there are a large number and types of knee pads, however, everything is conditioned to the use we are going to make of it, which will be decisive in our choice. It is different if we need the knee brace to prevent injuries than if we need it as a complement to the recovery of some kind of injury.
If we want a knee brace to perform certain sports, so that the knee brace protects us and prevents the knee from suffering when exercising. We will have to buy a knee brace that adapts to the sport we are going to do. For example, there are special knee pads for cyclists, runners, hikers, skaters, snowboarders …. We can say that each sport has its own exclusive knee brace, which protects the area of the knee that suffers most in that sport.
An example is the Bracoo Knee brace is ideal for use during sports activities: running, walking, walking, basketball, tennis, surgery and gymnastics exercises, such as squats.
If we have suffered an injury and we need to use knee pads to protect the area and to help in recovery. In this case our advice is to buy the knee brace advised by the specialist, either a doctor or a physiotherapist. We must follow the guidelines of use that mark us. Each injury has its own specific knee brace.
There are knee pads for meniscus injuries, for ligament injuries, knee luxations, knee pads for chondromalacia, etc.
What materials make up the knee brace?
In the market there are different types of knee pads, however, each of them are prescribed for different types of injuries or ailments. The most used knee pads are neoprene, especially to prevent injuries.
When buying a knee brace we must take into account the material or materials in which they have been manufactured. Above all, if we are a person with some kind of allergy, we must check that none of its components will produce allergies. For example, the knee brace may contain latex, a material that gives them elasticity, but there are people who are allergic to latex, these people may not use them.
What size knee brace do I need?
For a knee brace to have the desired effect, it must fit perfectly to the joint. It cannot press as hard as it can, because it will not allow the blood flow that is necessary for proper functioning; nor can it remain loose, as it will not have the clamping effect that we pursue with its use. In addition, when we move, the knee brace will end up falling.
To find out what size knee brace we need, simply measure the contour of your knee, kneel it with a tape measure and write your measure.
You will need a size XS, if your measure is less than 35 cm;
one size S, if it measures 34-36 cm;
size M, if it is 36-38 cm;
size L for 38-41 cm;
size XL for 41-44 cm;
and size XXL for 44-49 cm.
Types of knee pads according to injury
According to the type of injury we can also make a classification by types of knee pads, we must distinguish between three large groups: basic knee pads (open or closed, usually neoprene that exert more or less pressure and do not limit the movement of the joint), knee pads with straps or lateral reinforcements (immobilize the lateral avoiding sudden movements) and orthopedic knee pads that immobilize the knee.
Focusing on the basic knee pads we can distinguish between open and closed.
Open knee pads leave the kneecap area uncovered, can be used for a long time and are sometimes the solution to avoid going through the operating room. They are usually prescribed for kneecap injuries, chondromalacia patella or femoropatellar osteoarthritis.
Open knee brace
Closed knee pads do not leave any area outdoors. In this way they press more and compress the knee area more. They also provide heat. Their use is not prolonged in time. They are usually prescribed for the treatment of sprains, tendinitis, inflammation of the knee. They are also used in post-operative cases of arthroscopic surgery.
Among the basic knee pads we also find the padded knee pads, which protect the knee from knocks thanks to the pad they have in the central area, while bringing heat to the area and compression.
Knee pads with lateral straps or reinforcements are prescribed for those knee injuries that are not in the central area, but in the lateral joint. They are widely used in cases of lateral knee ligament injuries. The reinforcements or straps can be flexible or rigid, depending on the area.
Orthopedic knee pads are undoubtedly the most bulky of all. By completely immobilizing the knee area, it hinders movement and the possibility of exercising or leading a normal life. They are usually prescribed as pre-surgical and post-surgical treatment, in which the knee needs to be completely fixed for a better recovery.