Issues to consider before to adapt cars
Issues to be assessed to adapt cars for people with disabilities
From DISCUBRE we know that one of the great challenges in the advancement of automotive technology is to achieve the adaptation of cars for the disabled.
In recent decades there have been many improvements to adapt cars to the needs of people with disabilities. At the end of the day, the goal is to eliminate the barriers that stop you from letting you do your daily basic activities. The mere fact of having a physical impairment should not be an obstacle to enjoy the pleasure of driving.
Thanks to car adaptations, people who have a physical impairment can enjoy the autonomy provided by driving the car. Even those who have some very severe disabilities are no longer deprived of this possibility, since there are so many and varied ways to adapt a car, that it is difficult not to find a solution. However, the issue usually comes when it comes to obtaining sufficient financial aid to help them buying in their own vehicle and lead an independent and autonomous life.
To all this, you need to add the effort to pass the exam for the driving license in driving schools prepared to train disabled people.
According to data only 0.2% of cars are adapted. They tend to be drivers who suffer from disabilities at their extremities so they cannot make normal use of the driving mechanisms that comes with manufactured cars in series. For this reason, these drivers have to make some kind of adaptation to their vehicle to be able to drive.
CURRENTLY ALMOST ALL MANUFACTURERS CAN ADAPT CARS TO DRIVERS WITH DISABILITIES.
There are different ways of adapting a car to the needs of people with disabilities, and the financial expense depends on it.
A car can be adapted electronically or mechanically, although the first is usually more expensive and functional. In the case of the second, the system is carried out through pulleys, which in turn are responsible for pressing the accelerator or brake pedal. Everything depends on our preferences, tastes and needs.
Whatever our decision, today almost all manufacturers can adapt their cars to drivers with disabilities.
Once the car has been chosen, the adjustments can be ordered directly to the dealer, who will contact the relevant company, who will carry out the adjustments of the car together with the corresponding homologations.
The most common adaptations are pedals, doors in order to facilitate access and exit to the car.
Pedals are the biggest concern for those with disabilities in the legs. The most common adjustments is to place these controls in front of or behind the steering wheel so that they can be manually operated. There is also the possibility of adding the accelerator, brake and clutch pedals in a single lever.
To facilitate the entry and exit of the vehicle there are seats capable of turning at an angle of 90 degrees for any of the front seats. There are even sliding doors and seats that come directly from the vehicle, as well as wheelchair ramps that come out of the back of the car.
The same for the accessories, we can find in the market adjustments to controls location, as for it is the case of the activation level of the turn signals on the right.
All adapted car accessories must be approved and assembled in workshops that provide the corresponding approval guarantees
There are also other types of accessories that facilitate visibility for those who need it, in the case of interior or exterior rear-view mirrors of different sizes to the usual ones.
Any of the aforementioned accessories must be approved and assembled in mechanic’s workshops that provide the corresponding homologation guarantees so that they can circulate without major problems.
All these car adaptations for the disabled are based on the mobility of the person in question.
Therefore it is important to know the reality that people with disabilities live with respect to driving and analyze the difficulties they have to face, not only when driving, but also to access the corresponding licenses.
It is clear that major difficulties are faced by the disabled in order to obtain a driving license since few driving schools have the necessary resources to carry out an optimal training for this sector of the population.